Taqwa (Fear of God)

Taqwa is often translated to mean God consciousness. It also means piety or fear of God.
The Holy Qur’an describes a person who is conscious of God as one who sincerely practices Islam both out-wardly and inwardly. It is he who sincerely practices the pillars of Islam in addition to moral uprightness.
Taqwa should obviously improve the attitude and behavior of the person who possesses it. He is firm, generous and kind to family and relatives and to all beings.
He is patient and relies on God for support.

The following Qur’anic passage attests to our observation:
‘Righteousness does not consist in turning your faces towards the east or the west but righteousness is he who believes in Allah, and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Prophet; and spends his substance upon his near relations and the orphans who ask, and to set slaves free, and is constant in prayers and pays Zakat, and (righteous are) they who keep their promise whenever they make one. In addition, who are patient in poverty and ailment and at the time of hardship and danger? Such are the people of the truth and they are conscious of Allah.’

Lessons of the Qur’anic verses

  • That performance of Slat alone does not mean that one is good or righteous.
  • In addition, one has to fear Allah (Taqwa) and engage in other aspects of goodness.
  • One needs to be kind and generous.
  • One should be patients in whatever circumstances he finds himself.
  • Q2:183 prescribed fasting for every Muslim in order that they may attain Taqwa. The following verse states the actions and behavior of a Muslim who has Taqwa.

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