Zakkah is the third pillars of Islam, it is an obligatory charity. It is payable on one’s properties that has spent a year with the owner. It is payable to the poor and needy. It is due only when the property reaches a measure called Nisab.
People to be giving Zakkah Q9:93
  1. Poor.
  2. Needy.
  3. Those who work for it collection and distribution.
  4. Those hearts that have been inclined towards Islam, to attracts them.
  5. Free captives.
  6. Those in debts.
  7. Allah’s cause.
  8. The way farer's (a traveler who is cut off from everything).
Who pays Zakat?
  1. A Muslim male or female, pays Zakah when his wealth reached a certain amount called Nisab, if his wealth is below that value, he pays nothing.
  2. In the case of gold, silver or money (including bank deposit) the Nisab, it has been in the person’s possession for one year.
Zakah on livestock

Zakah is to be paid one year on livestock such as cow, camels, sheep’s and goats; when their number has reached the Nisab. For example;

                               Numbers of Cows
30 to 39
40 to 59
                               Zakah to be given
A two year old cow
A three year old cow

Name of sheep’s owned                             Zakat to be given
40 to 100                                                   A one year old sheep or goat
121 to 200                                                 Two sheep’s or goat
201 to 399                                                 Three sheep’s or goats
400 and above                                            One sheep or goat for each hundred owned
Zakah on grains and crops

Zakah is to be paid on grains and crops whenever a crop is harvested whether once or move in a year, it is to be paid on wheat, rice and others.
       All kinds of beans, groundnut and any other items or farm crops. It is not however to be given or paid on fruit and vegetables which perish quickly when picked, such as orange, banana, pineapples, mangoes, tomatoes e.t.c.
The Nisah for grains and crops is 1,200 muddun by volume and a muddun, Nabi is what can count by two hands average size held together. The amount of Zakat on such produce is one tenth but if the product grown with artificial irrigation; the Zakah is half of that.

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